How to Wash Fruits and Vegetables?

How to Wash Fruits and Vegetables?

Turkey salted water held inside the insects and worms are discussing strawberries, fruit and vegetables to be cleaned correctly in the days of the choir is very important … Beykoz University of Gastronomy and Culinary Arts Department Faculty Member Prof. Dr. Y. Birol Saygı, “Fruit and vegetables Besides microorganisms, it may also contain chemicals such as pesticides. You should wash and wash the fresh fruits and vegetables that you eat in the running water. Washing is also an important practice in removing pesticide residues on the surface. ”

Social and traditional media have been discussing the images of maggots and insects coming out of strawberries soaked in salt water for days. Some experts say thatStrawberry market, ”while others claim that it is natural to have a wolf in organically grown fruits and vegetables. However, it is known that living products do not live in products that use pesticides. The discussions on strawberries brought up the issue of how to clean fruits and vegetables. Especially these days when the fight against coronavirus continues, it is even more important to wash fresh fruits and vegetables correctly. Professor at the Department of Gastronomy and Culinary Arts, Beykoz University. Dr. Y. Birol Saygı said, “It is very important to wash fruits and vegetables correctly, but considering the coronavirus pandemic is more important than ever… Hand picking fruits and vegetables was prohibited in this period. They are sold in packaging, but people also put fruits and vegetables in the packaging. Even though experts say that Covid-19 cannot live on the surfaces for a very long time, nobody is eager to eat an apple that has not been washed properly. ”


With or without pandemic, it is necessary to wash the fruits and vegetables before eating them. However, it is necessary to know that; “Washing” does not mean “wetting”. “You should wash the fresh fruits and vegetables you eat by spending enough time in running water. After all, you don’t know what the lettuce in your grocery cart touched you until it came to you. ” Professor Saygı says that consuming unwashed products increases the risk of developing foodborne diseases. Respect makes the following assessment: “It is a fact that the product may be exposed to contamination from the soil, animals, air or people on its journey until it reaches you. Also, fruit and vegetables Besides microorganisms, it may also contain chemicals such as pesticides. Washing is an important application in removing pesticide residues on the surface. ”

Rub 4-5 minutes

So how are fruits and vegetables washed correctly? Respect says, “Believe it or not; “Washing your product correctly is no different than washing your hands.” Saygı stated that it is necessary to wash the fruits and vegetables by rubbing them in running water for at least 4-5 minutes. When cleaning leafy green vegetables such as lettuce, spinach or cabbage, it is necessary to immerse it in a water bath and then run through the running water to loosen the dirt on it. If you keep the washing time short, it is not to wash, but to wet it. Remember, we wash, do not wet. In the meantime, remove any rotten or damaged parts of your product. Let the water go away by keeping it on a paper towel or in a strainer. To prevent foodborne diseases caused by bacteria, it is necessary not to keep fruits and vegetables moist, this creates an environment where more bacteria can grow. ”


When washing fruits and vegetables, vinegar It is very useful to use… Dr. According to Respect, spraying non-rough fruits on their surfaces such as apples, pears, grapes, tomatoes with a 1/3 mixture of vinegar and water makes cleaning easier. It is necessary to rest 60 seconds after completely covering the surface by spraying fruits or vegetables. Saygı, who recommends cleaning smooth-skinned fruits and vegetables by gently rubbing them by hand instead of an abrasive washer or brush, says that breaking the skin of fruits and vegetables is harmful. Respect gives the following information about how to wash greens with vinegar: “Broccoli, cauliflower, leafy greens, melon, potato, Strawberry It is a little more difficult to clean products such as. You should also soak them in a bowl with 1/3 of vinegar and water mixture. Cabbage, lettuce or other foliage should be separated for good cleaning. After rubbing the vegetables in the vinegar water, rinse them under running water. ”


Vinegar can affect the taste of greens. If you don’t like the taste of vinegar on your product, instead of vinegar lemon You can wash the vegetables with the juice. You can wash and rinse by mixing two glasses of water with half a glass of lemon juice. Professor Dr. Birol Saygı said, “Vinegar helps to reduce the acidity of the washing water and reduce the microbiological load in fruits and vegetables. Lemon with juice vinegar mixing becomes more effective as it increases acidity. This can help kill bacteria, including E. coli. None of these are harmful. However, never use soap, detergent or any chemicals to wash fruits and vegetables. “Toxic chlorine bleaches are absolutely dangerous,” he says. Respect explains what to consider in the washing process: “Always wash your hands thoroughly before and after washing to stay safe when cleaning fresh fruits and vegetables. Also, thoroughly wash all surfaces they touch, including knives and cutting boards. Never cut or peel fruits and vegetables before washing, as this may contaminate fruit and vegetable meat. In addition, since the surface textures of the products are broken down by cutting, the nutritional contents in the surface cells are lost with washing water.


It is important to remove the remnants of pesticides from pesticides in the cleaning of fruits and vegetables. Usually how to combat pesticides located on the surface, shell and meat of fruits and vegetables. Dr. Birol Saygı explains: “We can interfere with pesticide residues in the surface and peel of fruits and vegetables in the kitchen, but we cannot interfere with those in their meat. For this reason, efforts should be made to consume winter fruits and vegetables in winter and summer in summer. Also, the best way to avoid harmful pesticides is, of course, to grow your own products or just buy organic products that you know the source of. ”

Ways to remove pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables

Soak in salt water: Research shows that 10 percent for 20 minutes salty shows that keeping fruits and vegetables in water solution eliminates most of the four most common pesticide residues.

Soak in vinegar: VinegarAnother way to remove residues from fruits and vegetables… Studies suggest 3 parts of water solution for about 20 minutes, 1 part of vinegar, while others show that full vigorous vinegar is required to remove pesticides thoroughly.

Use baking powder: Mix 30 grams of baking powder in 3 liters of water, leave your fruit and vegetables for at least 15 minutes, and then rinse with water.
Wash with cold water only: In a study, it was found that rinsing under cold water can reduce the residue of 9 of the 12 tested pesticides.

Peel their shells: The most effective way to remove pesticide residues from the shells is; After doing the washing processes mentioned above, peel the fruits and vegetables and eat them…



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